Outline of Documentation
- System Verification
- GHOST Community Webinars
- Proposal Preparation
- Preparing Observations
- Exposure Time Estimation
- Data Reduction
- Other Documentation
- Total wavelength range: 363-950 nm.
- Spectral element resolution (R) of 50,000 in standard resolution (2 IFUs simultaneously).
- Spectral element resolution of 75,000 in high resolution mode (1 IFU).
- Simultaneous ThXe arc calibrations can be taken along with science (HR mode).
- Atmosphere dispersion correction (ADCs) are provided for each IFU independently.
Integral field units
- Integral Field Unit (IFU) aperture: 1.2 arcsecs, which is fed sliced into the spectrograph at slit widths of around 0.4" arcsecs at standard resolution.
- 2 IFUs available for science for standard resolution.
- Field of view: 7.5 arcmins for two IFU mode, where the closest separation of the two IFUs is 100 arcsec.
- Dedicated sky IFUs available at both resolutions for sky subtraction.
- Guided using Periferal Wavefront Sensor 2 (PWFS2).
- Fine guiding provided by dedicated fibres surrounding the IFU.
GHOST, the Gemini High-resolution Optical SpecTrograph is the new Gemini facility instrument that provides high-resolution spectroscopic capabilities. It has a wide simultaneous wavelength coverage with high observational efficiency. It allows astronomers to investigate a broad range of science from the composition of the first stars to the characterization of exo-planetary systems.
It consists of three primary components; a cassegrain unit mounted on the telescope, a spectrograph bench in a highly stable encloure at the pier lab, and a fiber cable connecting the two. The on-telescope cassegrain unit contains the positioning system for the object and sky fiber IFUs. Each object IFU is equipped with mini-ADCs.
The bench spectrograph is isolated in the telescope pier lab for image and wavelength stability. It is an echelle white-pupil design, having a blaze angle of 65°. After white-pupil collimation, the light is split at 530 nm into a blue and red arm, each provided with VPH gratings for cross dispersion. The spectra are recorded on a 4Kx4K detector for the blue spectra, and a 6Kx6K detector for the red spectra. A slit unit camera provides for object acquisition and active monitoring of the slit illumination. The bench uses active thermal stabilization to help provide the image and wavelength stability necessary for operation efficiency and radial velocity precision.
GHOST was built by a collaboration between Australian Astronomical Optics at Macquarie University, National Research Council Herzberg of Canada, and the Australian National University. The instrument scientist is Dr. Alan McConnachie at NRC, and also led by Dr. Gordon Robertson (at AAO), and Dr. Michael Ireland (at ANU).
The Gemini integration and commissioning team included David Henderson, Venu Kalari, Chris Simpson, Manuel Gomez, Pablo Prado, Roque Ruiz, Ruben Diaz, Fredrik Rantakyro, Steve Margheim and John Bassett.